Thursday, August 27, 2020

Free Essays on Envy

Jealousy The Oxford meaning of jealousy is an inclination of unhappy or angry yearning stirred by another’s better fortune (Allen 392). The focal point of the seven lethal sins depends on strict idea. Jealousy is characterized strictly as† thou will not covet.† According to the Roman Catholic instructions envy is viewed as a â€Å"venial† sin, yet it would should be admitted. Along these lines, if an individual submits a permissible sin and doesn't admit, one would need to invest energy in limbo before entering paradise (Matusiak). Kevin J. Rice expresses that the Methodist position that jealousy is a feeling and that it is the inclination of joy that an individual has. As needs be the individual doesn't begrudge an item yet begrudges the individuals who utilize the article. One occasion would be,† I am not jealous of a Corvette; I am desirous of an individual who claims a Corvette since I might want the feelings of happiness, force, and speed that accompany dr iving it† (Rice). Investigating the word root, the term envy is the Latin word invidere, which intended to take a gander at suspiciously or to see with vindictiveness. The Latin root word originates from the Greek, eidos, which means structure or thought (Iyer). In the twentieth century Sigmund Freud, the originator of psychoanalytical hypothesis, characterized envy as a significant trait of passionate trouble. His exemplary model is the Electra hypothesis where more youthful young ladies begrudged the male penis and in this manner felt lacking all through their lifetime. Freud’s position depended on Judaic idea and the way of life of his time in the nineteenth century Austria (Sigmund). All through written history are numerous frequencies of gatherings, religions, and countries who begrudge one another. Spain in the sixteenth century was most likely the most extravagant of the European countries after they plundered the Americans of billions in gold. They were continually at war, their boats were ravaged, and their fortunes were dispersed to the Holy Roman Empire (Zevin 367). As of now, the more unfortunate Muslim ... Free Essays on Envy Free Essays on Envy Jealousy The Oxford meaning of jealousy is an inclination of disappointed or angry yearning excited by another’s better fortune (Allen 392). The focal point of the seven dangerous sins depends on strict idea. Jealousy is characterized strictly as† thou will not covet.† According to the Roman Catholic drills envy is viewed as a â€Å"venial† sin, yet it would should be admitted. Hence, if an individual submits an excusable sin and doesn't admit, one would need to invest energy in limbo before entering paradise (Matusiak). Kevin J. Rice expresses that the Methodist position that jealousy is a feeling and that it is the inclination of joy that an individual has. In like manner the individual doesn't begrudge an article yet begrudges the individuals who utilize the item. One example would be,† I am not desirous of a Corvette; I am jealous of an individual who possesses a Corvette since I might want the feelings of merriment, force, and speed that accompany driving it† (Rice). Breaking down the word starting point, the term envy is the Latin word invidere, which intended to take a gander at suspiciously or to see with malignance. The Latin root word originates from the Greek, eidos, which means structure or thought (Iyer). In the twentieth century Sigmund Freud, the organizer of psychoanalytical hypothesis, characterized envy as a significant attribute of passionate trouble. His exemplary model is the Electra hypothesis wherein more youthful young ladies begrudged the male penis and along these lines felt insufficient all through their lifetime. Freud’s position depended on Judaic idea and the way of life of his time in the nineteenth century Austria (Sigmund). All through written history are numerous frequencies of gatherings, religions, and countries who begrudge one another. Spain in the sixteenth century was most likely the most extravagant of the European countries after they plundered the Americans of billions in gold. They were continually at war, their boats were pillaged, and their fortunes were dispersed to the Holy Roman Empire (Zevin 367). At present, the more unfortunate Muslim ...

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Teenager Of Alcoholics

Presentation Acceptance is an inclination that rises up out of individual’s requirement for endorsement and acknowledgment. This personal conduct standard starts at an early age and proceeds despite the fact that life to adulthood yet it is at top during high school stage. The young people are copying or declining the parental direction since they need their opportunity and simultaneously are attempting to win the parental help and acknowledgment. Their solid battle to exist as a major aspect of a family in this way expands the desperation for autonomous requirement for finding a personality. The mission for parental endorsement inspires the adolescent behaviours.Advertising We will compose a custom research paper test on Teenager Of Alcoholics explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More Although parental weight should be a constructive impact over character, it can adversely influence dynamic systems and cause a young person to agree to corrupt exercises rememberin g liquor abuse for battle against a damaging or predicament. At the point when one acknowledges to endure antagonistic parental weight, for example, liquor abuse, they wind up surrendering the individual trusts and qualities, in this manner the weight turns into a type of a negative power. Postulation Statement â€Å"Does liquor abuse influence parental guidance?† This paper is an investigation of the impact of parental weight with respect to use of liquor and its belongings just as suggestion to the future existence of an adolescent. It is an examination of the parental standards of conduct and in conclusion it investigates the accessible viewpoints into controlling the bad habit. Objective/criticalness of the investigation The primary goal of the paper centers around reasons for liquor maltreatment among guardians and assesses the formative issues related with this kind of bad habit. Another noteworthiness of the examination centers around the worldwide methodology towards controling the bad habit and making open mindfulness over liquor addiction. The paper likewise shapes an examination over issue of other reasonable justification in the topic. Are guardians thinking about the fitting measures to maintain a strategic distance from the bad habit? The investigation of what decides alcoholisms. Finally, it tends to the issue of using the new expert proposed measures to disposing of this normal marvel. Intimations for understanding conduct In many cases, it is constant to have a linkage between advancement of the cerebrum and the practices copied by youngsters. Deductively the contention over the connection shows that under high enthusiastic or extraordinary parental weight, there are a few conditions during development, that require annihilating illogical execution prompting poor dynamic, for example, utilization of liquor. (Marina and Fergal, 2006) The young people have the capacity and justification to separate between the good and bad. This means the mind has the ability to show some psychological capacity to dynamic, yet the young person acts contrary to this desires. As per Nestler and Malenka, (2004) the minds of a young person is under some less ideal control systems and accordingly under higher likelihood to act from guts or senses when defied with unpleasant or enthusiastic strains. Promoting Looking for inquire about paper on brain research? How about we check whether we can support you! By and large, the young people are progressively reckless, persistent, unpredictable inwardly, high daring individuals, proactive and receptive to strain or stress and are helpless to parental weight or direction (Kane, 2009). Most guardians center around the brief timeframe in this way underestimating any drawn out results that might be engaged with liquor addiction. They neglect the elective course of activities. The creating mind of a youngster Young individuals are regularly inquisitive about liquor and along these lines the normal m eaning of the adolescent years being a period of testing and looking for curiosity. Directed overview shows that maltreatment of liquor and tobacco is a typical wonder among most guardians today (Marina and Fergal, 2006). Subsequently, in any event half or a greater amount of the young people evaluate the liquor during the adolescent stage and almost all have attempted before arriving at the lawful age. Nowadays the young show higher paces of or level of liquor issues rather than the more seasoned age gatherings. (Kane, 2009) Vulnerability of adolescents to liquor addiction The young person mind might be progressively helpless against social weight or inconveniences because of affectability. These social impacts can realize pleasurable social encounters, for example, liquor commitment as they look for desires. The impacts of liquor are gigantic on young people contrasted with grown-ups. In the investigations of young people showed by Partrick (2008), distinctively, adolescents can t raverse a few times more liquor than the grown-ups on the grounds that their inebriation impacts are a lot higher. They have a reduced affectability to inebriation because of the high metabolic rates. The hormones likewise assume a crucial job in the liquor misuse. The young people have curiosity to look for and advance seriousness socially. The creation of hormones advances misuse due to the first event of parental weight for the person to look for social endorsement from the parent. (Partrick, 2008) Teenagers’ development and improvement Expectations for development and social, enthusiastic, conduct, physical and psychological change is significant. Through examination of some formative life expectancy stages, there is a chance of deciding issue or emergency achieved by alcoholic guardians. There are one of a kind sort of personal conduct standard to anticipate from youngsters in this way the need to propose formative concerns and fitting activities. People need to settle o n choices dependent on challenges within reach. The young people face numerous difficulties, for example, unavoidable physical changes and parental weight particularly over creation choices on incautious exercises. (Marina and Fergal, 2006) These transitional issues are of basic concerns in regards to character decisions, confidence and enthusiastic turn of events. Their appearance to others is a significant issue since they accept to possess special issues and all the open consideration concentrates especially upon them. They face the difficulties of finding their character as far as livelihood, relationship, sexuality, sex, life interests, character, culture and in particular parental foundation (Marina and Fergal, 2006). Harsh guardians cause clashes, due to the need to get self-having a place and the longing for opportunity particularly during the genuinely focusing on times. This is the principle impact of liquor harsh guardians/watchmen. Parental weight should serve the job of deciding the correct character in an individual. This is ostensibly the motivation behind why young people emulate parental ways of life. Parental weight is all the more regularly difficult to oppose in light of the fact that it is similarly difficult to take note. Youngsters should realize that individual decisions are significant in any event, when the parental weight is irresistible.Advertising We will compose a custom research paper test on Teenager Of Alcoholics explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More The most grounded indicator of liquor utilization during adolescent years is the parental impact. The parent start the utilization, gives the liquor and models the utilization and misuse practices and perspectives during development. Studies have demonstrated that youngsters are bound to yield to liquor abuse use in the event that they were from alcoholic guardians. (Marina and Fergal 2006) The parental weight identifies with displaying character. End Social settin gs can give the feeling that tranquilize utilization is leveled out however a more intensive glance at the marvel demonstrates that regular a youngster is beginning to utilize and gets dependent on the bad habit. Potentially the parental weight engaged with the family arrangement is more noteworthy for the vast majority of them to oppose (Partrick, 2004). Today a large portion of the guardians are full-time representatives most likely searching for the extra time and better compensation on the side of the family. They might be attempting to exercise one territory while different breakdown. The response to the issues related with adolescents exists in the family setting. They are copying their folks who are their first good examples; they grasp the social settings of liquor addiction and the singular utilization. Focusing parental maltreatment may likewise affect contrarily on them. Whichever the case, guardians are the best fix to the bad habit. It is a parental duty to tackle alcoh olic issue and talk out with the high school youngsters on the threats required before things are wild. Their brief disobedience to the guardians can without much of a stretch lead to the repercussions along these lines prompting the calamitous effects. The early mediations by the guardians are in this manner the best systems to cubing the bad habit. The quality of character that helps the kid to opposes the negative impacts legitimately interfaces with the parental jobs of direction. References Partrick, B. J. (2008). Youths and Risk: Making Sense of Adolescents Psychology. Praeger Publishers Marina, B. Fergal, K. (2006). Illicit drug use and Families: Monitoring the Future National Survey results on tranquilize use. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Nestler, E. J., and Malenka, R. C. (2004). The dependent cerebrum. Logical American Journal, 290 (3), 78-85.Advertising Searching for investigate paper on brain research? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More Kane, R. (2009). Delight devouring medication: The strange governmental issues of medications. Diary of Alcohol Health and Research World, Duke University Press. Vol 26(4), Pp. 287-291. This exploration paper on Teenager Of Alcoholics was composed and presented by client Catalina B. to help you with your own examinations. You are allowed to utilize it for research and reference purposes so as to compose your own paper; nonetheless, you should refer to it accor

Friday, August 21, 2020

Save Our Tigers - There Are Just 1411 Left

Save Our Tigers - There Are Just 1411 Left Make Money Online Queries? Struggling To Get Traffic To Your Blog? Sign Up On (HBB) Forum Now!Save Our Tigers There Are Just 1411 LeftUpdated On 09/01/2018Author : SiddarthaTopic : EditorialShort URL : CONNECT WITH HBB ON SOCIAL MEDIA Follow @HellBoundBlogIts not too late, I think its time to react to protect our national Animal. The present statistics show that just 1411 tigers remain in our country. Shocking isnt it!!We are roaring for the cause. Are you?1411 is average estimation of Indias wild tigers, as per the monitoring exercise by Wildlife Institute of India in association with NTCA, Government of India in 2008.I feel responsible to save my national animal. At this instinct, I want to appreciate Aircel for making us aware by taking the initiative. Aircel has partnered with WWF-India to help Save Our Tigers.The Tiger as the National Animal of India symbolizes the power, strength, elegance, alertness, intelligence and endurance of the nation. Our natio nal Animal is fighting for its life. Previously from around 40,000 tigers at turn of last century, there were just 1411 tigers at present in our country.I think this is the correct time to react to protect our heritage otherwise we could lose it forever.Over the past years there is a steep fall in the tiger population. Due to illegal smuggling of Tiger Skin and other body parts, there are very few tigers left in the world today.According to the World Census of Tigers, there are only 5000 -7000 tigers in the world today. Out of which, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar claim to have a population of 3000 to 4500 and India alone claims to have a population of 2500 to 3750. These were according to year 2002 statistics. But Now, the number is just 1411.Join the noble cause the same the big cats from extincting.Hope This Initiative from Aircel and WWF-India should result in positive growth of Tigers in our Country.Roar for this cause here @ SaveOurTigersOur National Animal is Fi ghting for its Life. Show your support by joining @ Saveourtigers.comTill now over 96,000 people have joined this community to show their support to save Our Nation Animal from Extinction. So make a difference by joining and ask your friends to join in to support this roar.You can also know much about this Program @ WWF-India or SaveourtigersREADYour Blog Can Help Feed 50 Children Akshaya Patra

Monday, May 25, 2020

The Worlds Main Regional Trading Blocs - 1755 Words

3. The World’s main regional trading blocs Middle East and North Africa (MENA): is a regional economic integration bloc that includes the Middle East and North Africa. The population of the MENA region is about 381 million people, about 6% of the total world population. Map 1: Middle East and North Africa geographical map North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): is a regional economic integration bloc that includes the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. NAFTA represents 450 million people producing $17 trillion worth of goods and services. Map 2: North American Free Trade Agreement geographical map The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): is a regional economic integration bloc that includes 10 countries located in Southeast Asia. The ASEAN represents 620 million people. 4. Regional economic integration: The EU case: Map 3: The European Union geographical map The European Union is considered as a political and economic institution that includes 28 countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. In fact, the creation of the EU has been through the following steps: †¢ The treaty of Paris, 18 April 1951: the establishment of the coal and steel European community ECSC (Belgium, West Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands,Show MoreRelatedEu vs Nafta1729 Words   |  7 Pagesgain for both the blocs. However in some areas, â€Å"peaceful co-existence† and some form of â€Å"stricter ties† between the EU and NAFTA would prove to be beneficial for both. Introduction The NAFTA and the European Union comprising of 27 countries comprise the biggest blocs in the world. The two trade blocs are also highly interdependent through foreign direct investment. In 2007, stocks of FDI in the NAFTA were 1.25 trillion euros while relevant figure of the NAFTA in the EU bloc was about 1.15 trillionRead MoreThe Effect Of Preferential Trade Agreement On The Trade Of Paraguay976 Words   |  4 Pageson the trade of Paraguay. Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) have become a prevalent tool for regional economic collaboration. Despite its recognition and popularity, however, many economists are still skeptical of the effectiveness of PTAs. Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) are critical parts of the world’s current multidimensional trading system. The agreements allow nations to engage in regional or exclusive free trade cooperation. When countries are engaged in a PTA, they jointly allow preferentialRead MoreRegional Trading Blocs2360 Words   |  10 Pa gesINTRODUCTION : A regional trading bloc is a group of countries within a geographical region that protect themselves from imports from non-members. Trading blocs are a form of economic integration, and increasingly shape the pattern of world trade. In general terms, regional trade blocks are associations of nations at a governmental level to promote trade within the block and defend its members against global competition. Defense against global competition is obtained through establishedRead MoreEu and Nafta3107 Words   |  13 PagesKYUNGSIK 08025465 Nowadays, Regional integration by establishing trading bloc seems to be inevitable for most of countries because limited resources like oil and financial capital encouraged them to establish such a trading bloc like NAFTA. Among several trading bloc, European Union evolved more integrated politically and economically over last sixty years. Furthermore, European union have their own flag, parliament, council and commission. Every trading bloc must have their own characteristicsRead MoreRegional Trading Blocs : The Eu And Asean ( Association Of Southeast Asian Nations )2511 Words   |  11 Pagesthis report is to compare and contrast two regional trading blocs: the EU and ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) and also to discuss and analyse the implications for the marketing managers that operate in these blocs. Schott (1991) defines a trading block as a type of intergovernmental agreement that aims to reduce regional barriers to trade for the participating states. This repo rt will look at the similarities and differences between the two blocs in the first part, with the second partRead MoreGlobalization and International Trade Essay1823 Words   |  8 Pagesnumber of agreements. According to, the major trade agreements include The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), The World Trade Organization (WTO), The Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (APEC), and several regional trading blocs. The GATT is a worldwide trade pact that was first established in the aftermath of World War II. Nondiscrimination has been the guiding principle. Any trade advantage an GATT member gives to one country must be given to all GATT membersRead More World Trade Organisation Essay2041 Words   |  9 Pagesfarmers. Another argument is that by removing trade barriers as the WTO seeks to achieve, jobs are ‘exported’ to lower labour cost countries where the standards to which the labourers are subjected, are below what is internationally accepted. The final main argument against the WTO’s aims that is raised, is that if countries cannot make their industries globally competitive, they will experience a decline in their people’s standards of living. Judging the results of these arguments, will allow me to decideRead MoreObjectives of Comesa1650 Words   |  7 Pagesexistence since 1981. The PTA was established within the framework of the OAUs Lagos Plan of Action (LPA) and the Final Act of Lagos (FAL). Both the LPA and the FAL envisaged an evolutionary process in the economic integration of the continent in which regional economic communities would constitute building blocks upon which the creation of an African Economy Community (AEC) would ultimately be erected. The PTA, and hence COMESA, was established to take advantage of a larger market size, to share the regionsRead MoreEssay on European Union: Theories and Analysis1339 Words   |  6 Pagescommon usage is that of the EU to refer to all member countries in Europe. According to the media, the EU has become a powerhouse in its own right. Its member countries have combined to create a formidable force, particularly in terms of global trading. Furthermore, as a federation, the EU is proving to be a major player in terms of global politics. But does this mean that all is well in peaceful within the European Union? Does the fact that the member states have banded together meaning thatRead MoreGlobalization Of The English Language1249 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"One out of four of the world’s population speaks English to some level of competence† (NADRAG, TIHENEA, and STAN, 2013). It is well known that English is a globally used language and holding balance internationally, but after all how can we ‘dig deeper’ into it? Although undisputedly English is today’s international lingua franca, the comprehension of globalization of the English language of its historical origin, further consequences (to other non-Englis h speaking nations), and trend of benefit

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

African Transformation from 1865-1920 - 1832 Words

The Progression of African Americans from 1865 to 1920 America has changed, as a whole, throughout this time period. There have been many different presidents, elections, wars and other world issues. These factors contribute to the drastic change in America and to the American people. African Americans have gone through many different changes other than those of the other races. With the end of the Civil War, African Americans went through a lot of change with the end of slavery. Throughout this essay I will explain the legislature, economic, philosophies, leaders, movement of people and other factors that contributed to the drastic change of the African American people between 1865 to 1920. In 1865 Reconstruction stared after the end of†¦show more content†¦For blacks that did not want to return to Africa there were very few options for them if they choose to stay. The first main problem was should they stay in the South or go somewhere else to find shelter and a job. The n ext problem was to find a job. To replace the slaves plantation owner implemented share cropping. Share cropping was a form of paid slavery that gave the families that choose to work on the plantation as share croppers a plot of land to farm and a place to live. The share croppers would give a large portion of what they had farmed to the owner of the land and they would get to keep a small amount of what they had harvested for themselves to live off of. For those who had joined the Union army during the Civil War, they had to try to get what they were promised which was forty acres of land and a mule to plow it. Though promise was rarely met this was an option for some freedmen who choose to stay in the U.S. To help freedmen get what they needed such a job, food, or education the Freedmen’s Bureau was started. This bureau was started to help get recently freed slaves on their feet after the Civil War. Former slaves had a hard time finding jobs but they did it anyway. During reconstruction the Southern Democrats wanted to get rid of the collation of Republicans that controlled the post war south. The Bourbon Democrats that want to oust this collation of freedmen,Show MoreRelatedEssay about African Americans in the Civil War981 Words   |  4 PagesThroughout the duration of the Civil War in 1861 to the 1920s, African Americans made significant strides toward their advancement in America and toward equity with whites. After having being subjected to white governance and enslaved for so long, their dependence generated a sense of unfamiliarity with their newly acquired emancipation. This uncertainty sparked many debates regarding the most effectual way to go about receiving their â€Å"inalienable† rights as human beings, not merely substandard NegrosRead MoreAshford 4: - Week 3 - Assignment1335 Words   |  6 PagesFor this assignment, you will choose your topic and the six (or more) related events and developments that span the years 1865 to t he present. You will then find one scholarly source related to each event or development plus two additional scholarly sources for a total of 8 scholarly sources in addition to your textbook. At least four of your scholarly sources must come from the Ashford Library and at least two of your sources must be primary sources. Primary sources are documents or artifacts thatRead MoreAfrican Americ A Transformation For Blacks1390 Words   |  6 Pagesimprovements brought about a transformation for blacks. The south was irritated at the Blacks since they had picked up their opportunity against the will of numerous southern white men. African American had their opportunity again at the same time, they needed to battle to pick up suffrage and social liberties. December 1865 imprints the most critical crossroads in history for all African American in the United States of America. Black people was free once more. They were free from bondage be that as itRead MoreCivil Conflicts and the Lives of African-Americans1196 Words   |  5 PagesGreat Plains from 1865 to 1900 The new railroads in the West occasioned by the Civil War opened up the area to economic development and new settlers. American settlers from the East entered via the Mississippi to ranch farm and mine. Native American settlers also poured from Deep South after being convinced that prosperity was only found in the West. Chinese workers constructing the railroads worsened diversity of the population in this region. The Great Plains underwent transformation because ofRead MoreHow The Great Migration Impacted The Harlem Renaissance2641 Words   |  11 Pagesand cultural movement throughout the 1920‘s and 30‘s. It was a time when much of the history of the African American people were given a voice through the creative efforts of those who were directly involved and affected by the Great Migration. It had a great impact on what life was like for these people and their families and also impacted the society as a whole. This Great Migration began at the end of the start of Wor ld War I from 1917, however many African Americans had begun migrating even beforeRead MoreEducation For Upper Class Girls2181 Words   |  9 Pageswork. Since the middle of the 19th century, women’s education began to be taken more seriously. More schools were opened that aimed to give girls a good academic education as boys. Girls also began to go to college, in America girls began to enroll from about 1870, and by 1880, they made up a third of the student population. By 1890, colleges for girls had become so familiar that the Ladies Home Journal ran a subscription selling contest, the prize was a scholarship to Vasser. For the duration ofRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Life And Life2165 Words   |  9 PagesWilliam S. U’Ren’s parents came to the United States from Cornwall, England. William Richard U’Ren and his wife Frances, were religious followers of John Wesley and looked at the United States, as a new start. William S. U’Ren was born in Lancaster, Wisconsin, on January 10, 1859, and would be brought up within a religious home. His mother focused on the reading of the bible and understood the stories that foretold individuals looking for a better life. At the age of 17 (1876), William left hisRead MoreThe During The Civil War Era2481 Words   |  10 Pages1975 the United States experiences growth in many areas of higher education (HE). Various publications, people, acts and legislation influenced change in thought, access, policy, practice, and assessment of HE. From the Civil War Era to the Mass Education Era we witnessed the struggle of African Americans that influenced important legislation, the Progressive Movement and the birth of the Wisconsin Idea, the publication and revision of the Student Personnel Point of View, the President’s Commission onRead MoreTap Dance: A Uniquely American Dance Form3422 Words   |  14 Pagesinvolves the intercultural fusions of English, Irish and African musical and dance traditions. The evolution of tap dance in America is further complicated by issues of race, class and gender. Unlike ballet with its formal technique, tap dance emerged from people listening to and watching each other dance, in a variety of settings, where steps were shared, stolen and reinvented. Through its metamorphosis the dance form has progressed from local entertainment, to Vaudeville shows, to Broadway showsRead MoreAmerican Revolution and Study Guide Essay example5377 Words   |  22 PagesChapter 2 Study Guide Questions â€Å"The Planting of English America† 1. Discuss English treatment of the Irish and its consequence (10pts) 2. What lessons do you think English colonists learned from their early Jamestown experience? Focus on matters of fulfilling expectations, financial support, leadership skills, and relations with the Indians. What specific developments illustrate that the English living in the plantation colonies tried to apply these lessons? (25 pts) 2. Compare and contrast

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

How to Read Literature Study Questions free essay sample

How to Read Literature Like a Professor Summer Reading Questions 1. A Faustian bargain is more commonly known as a deal with the devil. In a Faustian bargain the protagonist is often offered something that he or she wants, but with a price: he or she must give up his or her soul. It appears constantly in literature in many different forms. Faustian bargains are present throughout One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest because of all the bets McMurphy makes. He goes into the ward knowing about the big Nurse’s power, and basically convinces the patients to follow him in her overthrow. Their price, however, is the risk of being sent to the Disturbed Ward and receiving electro shock treatment or even a lobotomy. In this way, McMurphy can be seen as a satanic figure, who convinces confused and scared patients to bargain what is left of their sanity to take over a Nurse who has ten times more control over their fate. 2. The grammar of literature is what Foster describes as the reader knowing the structure and rules of literature. He says they are a â€Å"set of conventions and patterns, codes and rules† that each reader learns and utilizes as they are reading. They recognize the structure of a paragraph and a sentence and know how to interpret what is on the page in front of them. The reader learns over time this grammar of literature, and he or she develops his or her own way to read and interpret a text. Readers learn the structure of an essay and thus can anticipate with each sentence what is coming next; it is so ingrained in their heads that it comes naturally. We know that a paragraph introduces a topic, gives examples, and then relates those examples back to the initial topic. In this way, the reader has developed a grammar of literature and reading. 3. Professors use symbols and patterns in a multitude of ways in order to interpret a text. Professors of literature, given their extensive memory and knowledge of literature itself, are bound to recognize the patterns and symbols in nearly every text and relate it to another. They read and think symbolically, meaning they recognize everything as a symbol or something of importance until they realize it’s not employed as a symbol. They constantly question everything in a text in order to find the deeper meaning. They see things as they actually exist, but then also look at the same thing to represent something more substantial. Professors are also more adapted to recognize patterns in literature, meaning they see within the detail the patterns it reveals. They are able to look beyond the actual story with the plot and the characters and see the patterns the author has implemented. They are able to recognize which elements are actually substantial enough to aid the work and the plot, and which ones are just detail. Their ability to distance themselves from the work is what makes them able to recognize the symbols and patterns that a regular reader may not recognize in a work. 4. There are five characteristics to a quest. First, there must be a quester. Next, that quester must have a place to go. Third, he or she must have a stated reason to go there. Fourth, there must be challenges and trials during the journey. Lastly, there must be a real reason to go to the place. Usually, the quester doesn’t know it is an actual â€Å"quest†. The real reason for the quest is the most important, and usually has nothing to do with the actual, stated reason. 5. The usual reason behind a quest is self-knowledge. Quests are often educational and provide the quester with a learning experience that aids their self-discovery. The reason for the quester’s youth and immaturity often has something to do with why they are on a quest, and what they end up learning. The only subject that truly matters on a quest is himself or herself. 6. Our questers: McMurphy, Doctor Spivey, and the twelve patients that join them. A place to go: The patients all leave the hospital for a lake to go on a fishing trip. A stated reason to go there: McMurphy wants to teach the boys how to fish and spend some time outdoors. Challenges and trials: The patients first face trouble when they don’t have a signed release form to be allowed to go on the boat, so the captain refuses to take them. McMurphy then takes the captain back to his office to make some phone calls to sort out the problem. While this happens, the other dock boys start heckling Candy, and the patients, not used to seeing others outside of the hospital, don’t stick up for her and defend themselves. They are not used to having enough confidence to stand up for themselves, since they have never had to, and McMurphy is the only one with enough confidence to yell at the dock boys. Next, the men struggle on the boat when trying to catch fish. None of them know how to reel in a line, and McMurphy is too busy with Candy to help them. So, they have to learn for themselves how to catch the fish and wrestle it on their own. The real reason to go: the fishing trip marks an important change in all of the patients. They come back even more bonded together than they were before, and full of confidence and personality. They come back and are confident enough to yell back at the dock boys, and even start sharing real, hearty laughs. It teaches all of them that if you try hard enough, you will get what you want. It also made them less afraid of the real world, and made them appreciate what was on the outside. 7. In the real world, breaking bread together is an act of sharing and peace, since if you’re breaking bread you’re not breaking heads†. 8. A meal scene is almost always symbolic because they are so difficult and boring to write. If a writer puts in a detailed meal scene, it must have some symbolic value since meals are almost never of real importance in a story. The writer must have a pretty good reason to include one in his or her story. The meal scene often has to deal with the relationships, good or bad, between characters, and often offer a turning point or pivotal change in the story during said meal. The typical meal scene is so mundane that for it to be included in a story and take up a lot of writing, it definitely has to have symbolic value. 9. According to Foster, eating in literature may represent a number of things. Firstly, it can represent communion, coming together, and getting along. A meal scene is written to show how characters are getting along or not getting along. It also can be used to form a bond, to find something in common between one character and another. It is a moment and a form of trust. Meal scenes that go wrong are also written for a purpose. Comradeship† at the table is important to convey in a meal scene, whether it is good or bad. The meal scene is vital in portraying the communion of life. 10. A positive communion scene occurs in One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest on the last night McMurphy is in the ward. They bring in some wine and open up the drug closet, and have a good time in the ward with no one on duty. It has symbolic meaning becau se it is one of the few times the patients have an actual fun time together, they bond and realize that life is too short to not have fun. They enjoy being free of stress and restraints and for once feel like real people again. 11. A negative communion happens in Beloved when Paul D comes to visit 124. He comes and visits Sethe and Denver, both of whom he hasn’t seen in many years and wishes to reconnect with them. However, Paul D’s presence makes Denver uncomfortable and left out. Sethe and Paul D sit down for a meal, and Denver feels alienated. No one comes to their house often, and when someone she doesn’t know comes in who takes her mother’s attention away from her, she is clearly angered. On top of that, Beloved decides to frighten them even more. She suddenly shakes the house to the point where everyone has to duck and cover, and frightens Paul D. She decides to make the communion negative and show symbolically her disgust and hatred for unwelcome men. 12. There are a couple essentials to a vampire story. First, there is an older figure (typically the â€Å"vampire†) that is alluring, dangerous, and representing corrupt values. This older figure then focuses on young, beautiful, innocent women, who are often virginal. This vampire then strips away her youth, her innocence, and corrupts her. When he gets her, he himself grows younger and even more alive than before. His energy is renewed and his life continues, while hers is sucked away as she becomes more like him. Since he has taken her virtue, her death and or destruction become inevitable. And most times, the motive often has to do with sex. 13. There are a lot of things other than literal vampirism that vampires and ghosts represent in literature. They can represent selfishness, exploitation, and refusal to respect autonomy. The ghost of Hamlet’s father is there to point out a problem, rather than just be a fright. Edward Hyde represents the dark side of every man. Vampires and ghosts don’t even have to be literal to represent something. They don’t have to appear in visible forms to be considered a vampire or ghost. They are put in a story to scare, haunt, and frighten people, but also to point out problems, teach a lesson, and protect a character. In Beloved, the ghost of Sethe’s murdered daughter embodies the spirit of Beloved as if she were alive. She haunts Sethe’s home and serves as a reminder of what she did. She can be seen as allegorical, as she represents the past haunting the present as a lesson and reminder of the crime Sethe committed. The relationship between Beloved and Sethe is complicated and often an unhappy one. Beloved’s presence is often destructive to Sethe, Denver, and their home. She creates instability in their household as well as within both women of the house. Though she is dead, she is ever-present, and helps develop the characters of Sethe, Denver, and Paul D. She represents pain and misfortune, but also guidance and hope. 14. Paul Berlin, the protagonist in Going After Cacciato, embodies an author’s â€Å"creative process† in many ways. His story is compiled from many other stories, meaning that all the stories ever written all stem from one story.

Thursday, April 9, 2020

Solar Photovoltaic Essay Example

Solar Photovoltaic Essay Solar energy has many advantages, one of which is its renewable supply which is environment friendly. In contrast to fossil fuels, solar energy is obtainable almost anywhere here on Earth and this particular source of energy is free of charge as well as impervious to mounting energy prices. Solar energy could also be used in different manners, it could be used to supply heat, lighting, mechanical power as well as for electricity. Sunlight could produce electricity by making use of photovoltaic. Photovoltaic or solar cells are means for semiconductor and they are generally made of silicon which does not hold liquids. Aside from that PVs are also caustic chemicals. They manufacture electricity given that a light burnishes on them, they also need only trivial preservation, they do not contaminate and they function in a very silent manner. All of these make photovoltaic energy the cleanest as well as the safest means of power production (Go Solar Company 2007). Solar cells have a wide assortment of sizes but usually they are 10 cm x 10 cm and engender almost half a volt of electricity, they are also bunched collectively in modules or groups in order to generate higher voltages and amplified power. A 12-volt module, for an instance, based on its power productivity, could possibly have 30-40 photovoltaic cells. Photovoltaic panels are not extremely effective, producing just 12-15% of the sun’s light into electricity; however, laboratory samples are accomplishing 30% effectiveness (Go Solar Company 2007). We will write a custom essay sample on Solar Photovoltaic specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Solar Photovoltaic specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Solar Photovoltaic specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Photovoltaic modules also produce direct current or the type of electricity generated by batteries. Even though radiant lights could activate on direct current, the majority of electric apparatus necessitate 120-volt alternating current as provided by efficacies. A tool which is called an inverter converts direct current into alternating current. Inverters differ in size as well as on the value of electricity they deliver. When probing the price of photovoltaic systems, a buyer ought to take into account a number of things. First is that photovoltaic modules are technically well established, it also have an expected eservice time of thirty years. Also, as a modular system it have the capability to expand from a milli-watt system into a megawatt system which permits the elasticity required to gather mounting energy requirements. Photovoltaic is a lucrative and practical alternative for those who live in secluded districts wherein utilities could charge $18, 000 up to $60,000 per kilometer to operate a power line into an isolated region (Cogeneration Technologies, et al. 2002). In places wherein there are both severe as well as off-grid necessity for electricity, there is an inadequate source of workable supply of energy. Customarily, electricity in the north has been supplied by diesel production, which is expensive, due to exalted fuel transportation expenses and, if a leak takes place, destructive to the local environment that is why it is mostly in these regions that photovoltaic, a clean and dependable supply of electricity, is very promising. Photovoltaic systems in northern areas should be technologically flexible to endure severe weather conditions as well as to supply electricity when there are sizeable cyclic instabilities in solar radiation (Cogeneration Technologies, et al. 2002). In the developing world, where there is plentiful sunlight as well as a sizeable rural populace without the proper infrastructure to advance an electrical grid, photovoltaic is viewed as very appealing alternative mainly due to its modular facets, its capability to produce electricity at the concrete time of use, its low maintenance necessities and its non-contaminating technologies. Photovoltaic is also essential to rural health clinics in developing countries since these clinics need electricity for lighting, vaccine refrigeration as well as water pumping and purification thus photovoltaic proved to be a dependable method for these remote clinics.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Bill of Rights essays

Bill of Rights essays Individual rights are the oldest and most traditional of American values. (ACLU, 1997) The Bill of Rights is a document consisting of the Constitutions first ten amendments. The first eight of these amendments specify certain basic freedoms and safeguards we as citizens hold. They protect the people from wrongdoings or unjust acts committed toward them by the federal government. The Government, due to these amendments, cannot change or interfere with these rights. Ancient Greeks and Romans created many of the basic ideas used in the Bill of Rights (Lowi...a number of prominent Americans were alarmed at the omission of individual liberties in the proposed constitution. (Early America, 2001) Both James Madison and Thomas Jefferson fought over the acceptance of these views. It was James Madison, though, that helped pass the first ten amendments. On September 25, 1789, the First Congress of the United States therefore proposed to the state legislatures 12 amendments to the Constitution that met arguments most frequently advanced against it. The first two proposed amendments, which concerned the number of constituents for each Representative and the compensation of Congressmen, were not ratified. Articles 3 to 12, however, ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures, to constitute the first 10 amendments of the Constitution. (National Archives, 1998) These soon came to be known as the Bill of Rights, and was put into effect on Dece mber 15,1791. The Constitution as it was first written and given to the states for ratification contained provisions for civil liberties, which covered everyone. It also set up a powerful national government. The thirteen states were asked to ratify the Constitution wanting a list of individual rights, as each state had in its constitution. The states would not ratify the...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Victims Rights and Vengeance Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Victims Rights and Vengeance - Essay Example After the colonial and the revolutionary periods the focus on the criminal law shifted making every crime an individual committed as a social harm. In the year 1982 president Ronald Reagan’s task force on crime victims who were released in the final report that reiterated the concerns of victims of crime have been overlooked, where most of their pleas just passed unheeded and their personal, emotional, financial wounds unattended. This led to a recommendation of amendment to the US constitution which found support from victims’ rights organization. Additionally, the congress passed the first piece of federal crime victims’ rights legislation called the witness protection act. Nevertheless more need to be done as more victims of crime are left behind either due to fear of coming out for privacy sake or failure of their pleas to be attended to (Boland and Butler, 2009). In 2004, an important landmark called crime victim’s rights act was passed which provided crime victims with eight particular rights. Legal guidance and support together with future legal professional on issues related to victims’ rights have been taught by victims’ rights organisations at the ground level advocacy which has helped to cement more dependability of the system under criminal justice. More organisation are being formed which provide direct service to victims this calls for foe education and awareness campaigns. The Crime Victims Rights Act (CRVA) has helped much especially the federal criminal cases by providing a venue for victims to choose what they want to do after they become victims of a crime, where they may decide to, or not to consult with an attorney or protect themselves from the accused. When one has the right to do and act as they will it given them the freedom to life a personal life without being interrupted. No one is above the law. The law states that no one should take matters on his

Wednesday, February 5, 2020

Platos view of a perfect world Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 25

Platos view of a perfect world - Essay Example On the contrary, I think its’ very far from being Utopia. But what is Utopia? I would think that it is a world where there are peace and love among all men. But according to Plato’s The Republic, he considered a perfect state to have two things: the perfect man and the perfect justice. A perfect world cannot exist if the people that consist it are flawed. I must agree albeit hesitantly because come to think of it, the world is nothing but the sum of the people which consist it. Hence, to make a perfect world, the men that form it must be perfect as well. Although we have come a long way since our barbarian ancestors, we are not perfect still. According to Charles Darwin, men may have noble qualities and god-like intelligence and yet â€Å"men still bears in his bodily frame the inedible stamp of his lowly origin.† Since it is our body that limits us and prevents us from being perfect, Plato has suggested in The Republic that in the modern world, sickly and deformed children are segregated and put to death so they don’t contaminate nor burden the rest. They are flawed, and there is no room for flaws in a perfect world. Plato suggested that in a perfect world, there is unity among men and they are one with the state. Men cease to be mere individuals and instead they are seen as members of the state. I agree with this line of thinking because if men today would think this way, they would hesitate before doing harm to another because if they injure another, they injure the State. And in a way, they injure themselves. However, to attain this oneness with the State, Plato suggests communal property under the control of the state. Likewise, it suggests that the State rears the children without parents knowing their offspring. All of these are aimed to prevent accumulation of wealth, brains, beauty and other qualities of birth. Again, I must agree with this line of thinking.

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Principles and practice of Human Resource Management Essay Example for Free

Principles and practice of Human Resource Management Essay In 21st century, the organization which considers its employees as an asset rather than cost has competitive advantage. The term suggested for employees is human capital. It refers to productive potential of ones knowledge and actions. In todays knowledge economy, efficient management of human capital ensures success for the organization. This tells the importance of human resource management. It is about managing human capital in the same way as asset management or financial management. Actually human resource management acts as a medium of exchange between employees and organization. Employees offer knowledge, abilities, skills, efforts, time, motivation, commitment and performance to the organization in return for job security, empowerment, generous pay for performance, training, promotion and trustful relationship. Thus human resource management is considered as a matching process that is matching organizational goals with employees needs in order to satisfy both optimally. The more formal definition of human resource management is the activities undertaken by the organization to attract, develop and maintain an effective workforce within an organization. (Daft, 1982) Thus attracting an effective workforce for an organization, developing it to its potential and finally maintaining it are the three main goals of the human resource management. And all the strategies are developed by the human resource department for attaining these three goals and these strategies tend to be organizational wide in order to support the overall corporate strategy. The skills required for attracting the workforce includes human resource planning, job analysis, forecasting, recruiting and selecting; skills for developing the workforce includes training and performance appraisal; and skills for maintaining the workforce includes wages, salaries, benefits and termination. Organizations especially perform human resource management in order to tackle the issues related to human resource proactively rather than reactively. ( Price , 2007). Having developed the concept of human resource management, we will now talk about the different approaches taken by the organization for pursing HRM. Read more:Â  Managing The Human Resources The first approach is hard HRM developed by Michigan business school and the second one is soft HRM developed by Harvard business school. (Fombrun, Tichy and Devanna, 1984) Both approaches are opposite as they are based on different sets of assumptions. (Storey 1992) Soft HRM has humanistic edge in managing employees while hard HRM considers employees as resources which have to be managed in the same way as capital equipments and raw materials. That is hard HRM is bit more technical and mechanical in its approach which involves in obtaining as cheap labor as possible that should be fully exploited. Soft HRM advocates unitary perspective which means employees and organization needs and interest are coherent which leads to mutual goals, influence, respect, rewards and responsibility. The outcome is therefore employee commitment and organizational success (Walton 1985). On contrary, pluralist perspective sees differences in employee and organization goals as a cause for conflicts and problems. Management’s task is to induce the appropriate behavior in workers so that their actions accomplish the company’s goals, not their own. This paves the way for showing direction and coercion by management. This perspective underlies hard HRM. .( Price , 2007) Mc Gregor in 1960 gave Theory X and Theory Y about the nature of employees. Theory X depicted employees who dislike work and try to avoid it when they can. People have to be coerced to work and have to be closely directed and regulated thus leading to tight managerial control. On the other hand theory Y depicted employees who like to work and exercise self direction and self control if they are committed to the goals and objectives. In this case there is loose managerial control and managements function is to foster individual growth and development. Apparently soft HRM is associated with theory Y which emphasizes employees commitment through trust, open communication, training and development and autonomous work environment. This will produce employee behavior which is self directed and this is the main reason for organizations competitive advantage. Whereas hard HRM contingent to theory X, focuses on quantitative, calculative and strategic aspects of managing HR as for any other factor of production. The practices of hard HRM consist of strict performance appraisal, supervision and external control over individuals activities. Now we will examine how soft and hard HRM approaches lead to different kinds of activities and outcomes at different stages of human resource lifecycle. The first stage is of attracting the potential employees. This requires human resource planning by forecasting HR needs and matching the individuals with expected job vacancies. The soft HRM will seek to forecast needed employees in order to complete a work unit or finding the best mix of employees for the team in order to elicit commitment from team members by setting of good team norms and strong cohesiveness. Whereas hard HRM will look to minimize the need for additional employees and will try to reduce the head count. This will lead to incomplete work unit. The job vacancies will not be fully matched with potential employees, which will lead to incomplete work outcomes or delays in achieving goals deadlines. However hard HRM is best suited in condition of financial crisis and economic recession. In these conditions companies are incurring losses and they cannot afford hiring of new employees. Hard HRM is helpful in minimizing external hiring and shifting and relocating existing employees within organization. This will make existing employees loyal because they were not laid off by the organization when downsizing is the only option that remains during financial crisis. (Fombrun, 1984). The recruitment and selection is the most important process in hiring of employees. It requires analysis of both job applicants and job itself. We have to look for desired characteristics in applicants so that he must make a good match with particular job requirements. If his skills, education and experience are not adequate for the specific job then it will lead to frustration and confusion. The result will be poor performance, job dissatisfaction and high turnover. Both soft and hard HRM approach will provide realistic job preview and job description so that employees can judge their potential for a specific job. However soft HRM approach will be more insightful as it will look into the hidden personality traits, attitudes and beliefs of the applicants so that they can be better integrated into overall corporate culture, norms and values. Whereas hard HRM will only look to match the applicants skills with the technical specification of the job. Soft HRM give more attention to the human processes such as communication, sharing of knowledge, cohesiveness and trust among employees. Interviews, paper pencil test etc are the most common selection devices and are used by both approaches. However soft HRM approach has additional selection devices such as personality test, psychological test, case studies and different types of surveys. The second stage in HR lifecycle is development of effective workforce which includes training and performance appraisal as the two most important activities. Soft HRM approach will be more inclined towards training for individual advancement and career development. Soft HRM will go for various types of training techniques such as on the job training, class room training, computer assisted instructions, conferences and case discussion groups. Employees will be made to learn multiple skills so that they can be rotated among various jobs in order to reduce monotony and introduce variety. Hard HRM will see training as an expense. It will usually design job which leaves little room for showing discretion and creativity. The job is monotonous and set rules and procedures are there to perform the job. So training is limited to learning those specific job procedures which limits career advancement. This reduces employee motivation and cause job dissatisfaction and high turnover rate because of increase in monotony. The practice of hard HRM is most suitable in assembly line work. However it will fail in work demanding creativity and originality and whose environment is more unstable and uncertain, for example, film industry. While considering the activity of performance appraisal, hard HRM is more stringent in its appraisal process. The poor performance is mostly attributed to individuals lack of ability and no consideration is given to various external factors influencing the individuals performance. External factors are outside individual control and includes pathetic work environment, work place conflicts, distrust, no sharing of information and resources, bad relations and poor communication with top management. (Drucker , 1954 ) On the other hand soft HRM gives objective feedback on employees performance. It also uses the technique of 360 degree feedback that uses multiple raters and self rating to enhance the reliability and credibility of feedback in the eyes of employees. Multiple raters can include customers, co workers, supervisors and subordinates. Employee is also given a chance to explain his point of view and give explanation if his performance is not up to the standard. At the end of the appraisal top performances are also rewarded with bonuses, recognition and promotion. The feedback style of soft HRM is such that employees are motivated to improve their performance further. It enhances employees self efficacy by making clear role expectations and removing role conflicts and role ambiguity. This approach is therefore best suited for organizations whose culture encompasses total quality management. TQM stresses for customer satisfaction by providing better quality product or services through dedication to training, continuous improvement and teamwork. The third and last stage in HR life cycle is maintaining of workforce so that they continue to work for the organization over the long run. This stage consists of four activities such as rewards management, industrial relation, occupational health and safety and termination. In soft HRM approach rewards are such that it recognizes individual’s accomplishment as well as teamwork. Rewards are administered in such a way that it promotes collaboration and cooperation among employees so that they work as a unit for the overall goals of the organization. The focus is on creating the synergy so that different department of organization works coherently and in alignment of corporate strategy. Ivancevich, 2003). Soft HRM approach also gives rewards which increases intrinsic motivation of employees. Intrinsic motivation to work comes from the internal satisfaction and honor one feels when he completes some meaningful work which makes the difference for the organization. These types of rewards increase employees’ sense of meaningfulness, competence, progress and choice. Intrinsic rewards which increase intrinsic motivation are important for increasing employees’ commitment to organization’s goals and mission. The hard HRM has tight control over rewards. Apart from basic salary, less effort is made to recognize individual performance. However calculated yearly bonuses are given when year end profit target is achieved. In other words no effort is made in hard HRM’s reward system to increase employees’ commitment to work. The main problem is that hard HRM follows corporate strategy in rewarding employees and no analysis is done about employee’s needs and desires. Soft HRM is good enough as its rewards system makes a best fit between employees’ needs and rewards. Moreover the other organization dynamics which affects rewards system is employees’ perceived equity of rewards. If the distribution of rewards is not considered equitable by employees then motivating effects of rewards will vanish. There will be feeling of cognitive dissonance in employees and to remove this feeling, he will either alter his inputs to the work or will demand changes in rewards. The soft HRM approach dealing with human processes designs reward system to improve employees’ perceived equity while hard HRM fails to do so. According to Herzberg, working conditions, pay, good company policy and interpersonal relationships are called hygiene factors and their presence removes job dissatisfaction. The hygiene factors are well cared by soft HRM approach. The hard one fails to provide hygiene factors because its main objective is to accomplish a task in most economical terms as possible. It is only the soft HRM approach that has clear and functional policies and procedures about occupational health and safety. (Noe, 2003). Soft HRM approach looks to build long term relationship with employees. It opens all channels of communication such as upward, downward and lateral. Moreover grapevine and management by objective techniques are also used by managers to delve deeper into employees’ problems and requirements. Hard HRM only uses formal and hierarchical communication channel. This is also the cause for many communication breakdown and distortion. The most important feature of soft HRM is of mentoring and socialization which greatly helps in building cooperative and trustful corporate culture and environment.

Monday, January 20, 2020

African-American Street Gangs in Los Angeles :: Gangs Crime Essays

African-American Street Gangs in Los Angeles In Los Angeles and other urban areas in the United States, the formation of street gangs increased at a steady pace through 1996. The Bloods and the Crips, the most well-known gangs of Los Angeles, are predominately African American[1] and they have steadily increased in number since their beginnings in 1969. In addition, there are over 600 active Hispanic gangs in Los Angeles County with a growing Asian gang population numbering approximately 20,000 members. Surprisingly, little has been written about the historical significance of black gangs in Los Angeles (LA). Literature and firsthand interviews with Los Angeles residents seem to point to three significant periods relevant to the development of the contemporary black gangs. The first period, which followed WWII and significant black migrations from the South, is when the first major black clubs formed. After the Watts rebellion of 1965, the second period gave way to the civil rights period of Los Angeles where blacks, including those who where former club members who became politically active for the remainder of the 1960s. By the early 1970s black street gangs began to reemerge. By 1972, the Crips were firmly established and the Bloods were beginning to organize. This period saw the rise of LA’s newest gangs, which continued to grow during the 1970s, and later formed in several other cities throughout the United States by the 1990s. While black gangs do not make up the larges t or most active gang population in Los Angeles today, their influence on street gang culture nationally has been profound. In order to better understand the rise of these groups, I went into the original neighborhoods to document the history which led to these groups. There are 88 incorporated cities and dozens of other unincorporated places in Los Angeles County (LAC). In the process of conducting this research, I visited all of these places in an attempt to not just identify gangs active in Los Angeles, but to determine their territories. Through several weeks of field work and research conducted in 1996, I identified 274 black gangs in 17 cities and four unincorporated areas in LAC. Post WWII to 1965 The first major period of black gangs in Los Angeles began in the late 1940s and ended in 1965. There were black gangs in Los Angeles prior to this period, but they were small in numbers; little is known about the activity of these groups.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

How Does Walker’s Use of Imagery and Symbolism?

In â€Å"The Colour Purple,† Alice Walker uses symbolism, and imagery to affect the reader’s interpretation of the novel through very complex themes of religious influence, oppression and emotion developed from these literary devices. This has a profound influence on the reader’s interpretation of the novel as it suggests certain opinions and points of view to them as well as giving them deeper insight to the emotions of the protagonist In â€Å"The Colour Purple† a strong theme of religious influence and interpretation is developed through use of symbolism and imagery.The fact that the letters are initially addressed to God, an entity in whom the protagonist strongly believes, has a significant symbolic impact on the novel. When Celie’s mother asks where her child came from she says â€Å"Its God’s† when clearly, it is her father’s child. The elliptical choice of â€Å"God† as the father of the baby is symbolic, and show s that the power her Pa wields over her makes him a God-like figure to her. This is ironic the semantic field of the word â€Å"God† holds connotations of an all-powerful and infinitely benevolent entity.The irony of this is that whilst the true father of the baby, her â€Å"Pa†, holds a great deal of power over her, he is portrayed as anything but benevolent. If anything, he is more like Satan as he is seemingly the source of all the deplorable aspects of her life. This evokes a great deal of pathos from the reader and also antipathy towards her father. This clearly Illustrates for the reader who the protagonist and antagonists of the novel are Later in the novel, this symbolism is continued as the protagonist’s perception of God is explored through her dialogue with Shug Avery.Soon after discovering that her sister is still alive, she becomes frustrated and against the idea of praising God, exclaiming â€Å"What God do for me? † This is a typical reacti on of people who have suffered in life to the concept of God. This anger she feels towards God for letting her suffer so much is a manifestation of all the anger she feels towards all the people who have wronged her in life. This further manifests itself when she decides, â€Å"She don’t write God no more† as she blames him for giving her a hard life.She also decides that God is a man, something that is of extreme significance as Celie attributes all of her life’s troubles and problems to men, and their mistreatment of her. She confesses to Shug Avery that she sees God as â€Å"Big and old and tall and greybearded and white† This perception of God is a fairly common one, along with the â€Å"white robed† and â€Å"barefooted† idea. Then Shug outlines her perceptions of God, and church, ideas that are not so common. Her ideas are extremely interesting; she says she never found God in church, and any God she found she â€Å"brought in† with her.The effect this has on the reader forms very strong empathy with the protagonist, as the thoughts she is having are very relatable. It also makes the reader question their own perceptions of God, thus making this novel seem to be a very philosophical one. With Shug’s help, Celie comes to see that God isn’t a bearded white man, he is â€Å"Everything†, he is in nature, people, the sky and all that is good. This is most strongly illustrated in the final letter of the book which she addresses â€Å"Dear God. Dear stars, dear trees, dear sky, sear peoples.Dear everything. † The syntax of those sentences as a list illustrates further that she sees God in everything that is good and beautiful. This shows that she has come back to God and her perceptions have changed dramatically. This symbolises the end of a journey as Celie comes to accept God once more and it also symbolises that fact that she has moved on with her life and is finally happy. She†™s also This creates more empathy from the reader who feels joy for the protagonist as well as showing that she has overcome her hardships.Overall this idea of a journey creates a sense of this being a very biographical novel. The fact that it is in epistolary form makes the novel much more personal and relatable for the reader. When Celie leaves Mr. __ she finds her inner self and gains a lot more personality. At the beginning of the novel, she never mentions her emotions, just physical feelings. This is symbolic of the fact that in her oppression, she was just surviving rather than living. She was very much a shell, her body existed but her inner spirit was suppressed greatly.The first time emotions are brought in are when Celie discovers that her sister is still alive. Her break from oppression to become her own person is symbolised by the pants. The making of pants is theraputic for her, she claims she â€Å"aint been able to stop† after she started. This is the first t hing shes ever chosen to do herself so they are symbolic of her newfound independence. Also in that society, pants were considered to be a men’s item of clothing, so the wearing of pants by Celie and Shug is symbolic of their fight against sexism and the patriarchal society.The fact that she starts to make money from the pants furthers the idea of independence. The effect on the reader of this is it gives an idea of this being a very political novel and being about a struggle for freedom. The colour purple is a regal colour representative of affluence and the good things in life created by God for the people to enjoy. At the beginning of the beginning of the book, Celie has no sense of the colour purple, she has a terrible life in which she is just surviving rather than really living. The lack of emotion at the beginning clearly shows this.As a result, she doesn’t have the capacity to sense the colour purple, she cant appreciate the simple beauty of life and nature as her conditions are so oppressive that she cant see any good. Shug helps her to see the good in life when she shows Celie that God is in everything and telling her to â€Å"relax, go with everything that’s going and praise God by liking what you like. † This overall analysis of God and the form In which he exists prompts the reader to question their own view on God, especially the way in which society depicts him and his laws.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Ban Advertisements On Tobacco Usage Essay - 903 Words

The Government of India sought to create a mechanism to ban Ads on Tobacco usage. In doing so, it raised ethical concerns and arguments from two different sides, those in favor of and against it. For instance, Suhel Seth, CEO of Equus Advertisement, made a strong differing statement such as â€Å"The ban does not have teeth. It is typical Knee-jerk reaction by any Government to create some kind of popularity for itself.† Mr. Seth thought the Government was not serious enough to endorse Tobacco Ads prohibition, but instead that the Government was using it to gain acceptance. On the other hand, companies such as ITC Ltd voluntarily withdrew its ads from events, regardless â€Å"the legal position of the subject.† They were accessible to â€Å"a constructive dialogue† that would lead to the development of a suitable legislation. I suggest summarizing both the arguments of those who are in support of, as well as of those who are opposed to ban Tobacco Ads, and the co nflicts of interest issues that pertain to the Government of India and lastly my own point of view of what I believe governments should do in regards to tobacco ads. First, when it comes to the arguments in favor to ban tobacco advertising in India, from an international point of view, â€Å"countries like France, Finland, and Norway had already imposed similar bans.† As an obsticle, some advocates of the â€Å"free choice† opposed to the banning but other supporters voiced out that these states should have the right to protect theirShow MoreRelatedTobacco Advertising And The Indian Government997 Words   |  4 PagesTobacco Advertising and the Indian Government An Analysis of the Case Study In February of 2001, India joined many developed nations in a long-held and ongoing debate; that of the ethical responsibility of government in regards to the advertising of tobacco products. By 2001 many other nations had already decided to either place bans on or strongly restrict the advertising of tobacco products in an attempt to curb usage and thereby avoid the ill health effects associated with the product. 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